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Lancia weekend teasers

Here are the answers to the weekend teasers.

1a.       What was the Lancia A10?     
 b.       Was it front, mid or rear engined?   
 c.       What feature, a Lancia patent, does it share with the McLaren F1
 d.       What feature does it share with many buses?

1.      The Lancia A10 was a prototype project.  Drawings were made in
Autumn of 1944.  It was intended to be a big 2-litre V8 saloon, with twin
parallel trailing arm front suspension, developed by De Virgilio.   Left and
RH cylinder heads were interchangeable, and had two water pumps.    Both
flat and 90 degree crankshafts were tried.  

At least one prototype was road worthy, but Gianni Lancia scrapped the
project and made his own modifications featuring a tubular frame, three
front seats and a central seating position, and the engine became rear
mounted with a pre-selector gearbox also.    It was given a rather
sensational Ghia body (with Aston Martin DB2 overtones IMO).      The engine
still survives - a 90 degree V8 with bore and stroke measuring 67 x 69mm
(1946cc) and 70bhp at 4900 rpm.   It was mainly aluminium with wet liners
and a central camshaft.   It weighed only 157kg.

 2a.      What was Lancia tipo 4?
  b.       To what was it fitted to?
  c.       What is the engine size, power and cylinder layout? 
  d.       What was tipo 5? 

Tipo 4 was Lancias first V12 engine.   It was a 24 litre monster designed
for use in aeroplanes.   It  had a bore and stoke of 120.7*180mm and
developed 350bhp at 1450 rpm.    Tipo 5 of 1918 was even bigger, with 32
litre.   Both were fitted to a Caproni aeroplane.

 3.       What was the Lancia Lince? 
The Lince was an armoured car.   Does anyone know if one survives?

 4.       Why were the Lancia Montecarlo Gp. 5 cars racing in the 2 litre
          catagory, when their engine size was 1.4 litres. 

The turbocharger ruling required a multiplication of 1.4 being applied to
the engine capacity.   Early in the racing career, the equivilent cc was
1996cc, but in a cunning strategic move, the engine size was slightly
increased by boring by 0.1mm which pushed them into the next class.

 5.       What was Abarth project 038?

Project 038 became the Lancia Delta S4.   This in road trim produced 250bhp,
but rally cars produced 480 bhp.  When Group B was stopped, the car became a
test bed for exotic materials, known as ECV and ECV 2, it produced 600bhp.

6.       What was the Aurelia B60S and who was it for?

The B60S was a special Aurelia built for the Italian Police Force.

Best Regards,

Andrew Cliffe

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